Browse pictures and read growth cultivation information about euphorbia species, pencil milk bush euphorbia mauritanica supplied by member gardeners in the plantfiles database at daves garden. Methanolic extract of euphorbia thymifolia whole herb was prepared by hot soxhalation method and flavan3ol isomers compound i and ii were isolated using chromatographic techniques. Euphorbia tircucalli mimosaceae juice cough,asthma60 euphorbia hirta labiatae wholeplant asthma,chronicbronchial93 euphorbia prostate fabaceae wholeplan asthma87 euphorbia thymifolia salvadoraceae wholeplant bronchialaection,coughandasthma70 evolvulus alsinoides euphorbiaceae wholeplant bronchitis87. Useful tropical plants database 2014 by ken fern, web interface by ajna fern with help from richard morris. This lowgrowing, silverleaved, succulentlike euphorbia is perfect for a freedraining scree bed, or front of the sunny border. Euphorbia thymifolia linn euphorbiaceae is traditionally used as blood purifier, cough, antiviral in brachial asthma and paronychia. Issn 22293566 hepatoprotective effect of euphorbia thymifolia whole plant extract on ccl. Euphorbia is a very large and diverse genus of flowering plants, commonly called spurge, in the spurge family euphorbiaceae. Of interest to pharmaceutical, nutritional, and biomedical research, as well alternative therapies. The results showed that all of the fractions meoh, chcl3, etoac, nbutanol and water and pure compounds 3ogalloyl4,6shhdpdglucose, rugosin b and 1,3,4,6tetraogalloylk. Euphorbia thymifolia is commonly known as laghududhika. Why is dailymed no longer displaying pill images on the search results and drug info pages. Their lyrical latin name euphorbia and guttural common name spurge are indicative of the dual nature of euphorbias elegant yet tough. Journal of ethnobiology and ethnomedicine ethnobotanical study on medicinal plants used by maonan people in china hong et al.
Formerly included in the genus chamaesyce, this species is reclassified under euphorbia. Antidiabetic and antihyperlipidemic activity of euphorbia. It is included in an evolving list of plants carefully researched and chosen by rhs experts. Sesquiterpenes and diterpenes from euphorbia thymifolia. Laxative activity of aqueous extract of euphorbia thymifolia linn. Reports document that they have antioxidant and antiinflammatory activities.
Plants of the genus euphorbia are prolific producers of diterpenes of great biomedical interest. The stems usually produce numerous adventitious roots. Browse pictures and read growth cultivation information about euphorbia species, smoketree spurge, mexican shrubby spurge, red spurge euphorbia cotinifolia supplied by member gardeners in the p. Aug 18, 2016 euphorbia thymifolia is a small prostrate herbaceous annual weed which is abundant in waste places and open grasslands and distributes in most asian countries. Stems slender and thin, many from base, usually prostrate, 12 3 mm thick, with many adventitious roots, sparsely pilose. The structures of the new compounds and their relative configurations were determined by spectroscopic data analysis. The juice is also used for remedy of ringworms and other skin diseases. Read preparation of palladium nanoparticles using euphorbia thymifolia l. Wild plants play a vital role in the health security of himalayan inhabitants and constitute significantly to their diet. Pharmacology and therapeutic potential of euphorbia hirta.
Euphorbiaceae is a small branched, hispidly pubescent, prostate annual herb, commonly known as laghududhika or chotidudhi. Euphorbia thymifolia in the germplasm resources information network grin, u. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. Euphorbia species, pencil milk bush euphorbia mauritanica. Euphorbia cotinifolia, commonly called smoketree spurge, tropical smokebush or caribbean copper plant, is a thinleaved, sometimes deciduous, tropical shrub or small tree that is noted for its attractive burgundyred foliage. Euphorbia hirta sometimes called asthmaplant is a pantropical weed, possibly native to india. Euphorbia thymifolia is used as an antiviral against simplex virus2 gupta, 2007 whereas e. An in silico study on antidiabetic activity of bioactive compounds in euphorbia thymifolia linn. Antianaphylactic and antiasthmatic activity of euphorbia. An in silico study on antidiabetic activity of bioactive compounds in. They are decoratively topped with thick bottlebrushlike greenishyellow flowers in spring, which consist primarily of glowing limeyellow bracts with purple. Due to inconsistencies between the drug labels on dailymed and the pill images provided by rximage, we no longer display the rximage pill images associated with drug labels we anticipate reposting the images once we are able identify and filter out images that do not match the. Journal of herbal medicine and toxicology 3 1 9140 2009 sandeep r. Cross section of the stem has a circular shape where epidermis was uniseriate and isodiametric.
Cortex was distinctly formed with about 56 rows composed of chlorenchyma and found. Studies on macroscopic, microscopic, and tlc based. Antioxidant and hepatoprotective potentials of novel endophytic. The medicinal value of plants lies in some chemical substances that produce a definite physiological action on the human body. Antioxidant, antihelmintic and antimicrobial activity of euphorbia thymifolia linn whole plant g. Euphorbia consanguinea schrenk has been recorded as being used in chinese traditional medicine in xinjiang, and e. Dichotomously branched, pale green or reddish, more or less hairy with branches radially spreading. Dglucosetested possessed antioxidant activities, with the exception.
Anatomical characteristics of stem and leaf in euphorbia. An in silico study on antidiabetic activity of bioactive compounds in euphorbia thymifolia linn article pdf available in springerplus 51 december 2016 with 470 reads how we measure reads. Antihelmintic activity of aqueous and methanolic extracts of euphorbia thymifolia linn sandeep r kane, shrinivas k mohite, jaykumar s shete rajarambapu college of pharmacy, kasegaon email. Pdf antimicrobial activity of euphorbia thymifolia linn. One new pseudoguaianolide 1, one new megastigmane 6, and one new entabietane diterpene 9, together with seven known compounds 25, 7, 8, and 10 were isolated from the aerial parts of euphorbia thymifolia. The genus euphorbia, belongs to the family euphorbiaceae, which is a large family with 300 genera and 5000 species 1. Phylogenetic analysis was carried out with the neighborjoining method using mega. Physicochemical and phytochemical analysis of euphorbia helioscopia l. This page was last edited on 27 october 2016, at 10. Hoang nguyen vo 0 ngan tran 0 dat nguyen 0 ly le 0 0 international university vietnam national university hcmc, quarter 6, linh trung ward, thu duc district, ho chi minh city, vietnam herbal medicines have become strongly preferred treatment to reduce the. It is a hairy herb that grows in open grasslands, roadsides and pathways. Pdf antimicrobial activity of fresh latex, juice and. Amino acid was analysis performed using the waters.
Stems slender and thin, many from base, usually prostrate, 123 mm thick, with many adventitious roots, sparsely pilose. Taxonomy and medicinal uses of euphorbiaceae spurge family. Cortex was distinctly formed with about 56 rows composed of. Comparative pharmacognostic and phytochemical standardization of euphorbia hirta l. Hplc analysis of amino acid and antioxidant composition of three medicinal plants of pithoragarh uttarakhand himalayas submit manuscript j anal pharm res 2017, 65. The record derives from wcsp data supplied on 20120323 which reports it as an accepted name record 82529 with.
Euphorbia thymifolia was collected from jadavpur university campus. India is known worldwide for its ayurvedic treatment. Euphorbia paralias, which belongs to this group, is a hardy perennial plant inhabiting sandy coasts and shingle beaches and it is native to the entire mediterranean region. Helminthes are recognized as a major problem to livestock production throughout the tropics. Euphorbiaceae prescribed in the treatment of various ailments like bronchial asthma, cough, diarrhea and bleeding piles. The spidery arms loll over the ground and produce an acidyellow topknot of flowers in april. Euphorbia rigida more erect and sharperleafed, this euphorbia spirals up as it flowers rather like a snake being charmed. Euphorbia tirucalli is an unarmed shrub or small tree 412 15 m high with brittle succulent branchlets 7 mm thick often produced in whorls, green and longitudinally finely striated, with white to yellowish latex. This plant will provide nectar and pollen for bees and the many other types of pollinating insects.
The record derives from wcsp data supplied on 20120323 which reports it as an accepted name record 82529 with original publication details. Euphorbia thymifolia, euphorbiaceae, cinnamic acid derivatives, thymofolinoates a and b. Powder of euphorbia nerrifolia flower and whole plant ash of euphorbia tirucalli are used for the treatment of asthma at dose of 500 mg 3 times and 250500 mg twice a day orally, respectively. In the present study, we investigated the mode of action of these two compounds in suppressing hsv. Dglucosetested possessed antioxidant activities, with the exception of the organic aqueous. Chhoti dudhithe juice of leaves and seeds is used as a strong purgative. The stem and leaf anatomical studies of euphorbia hirta l. Plant details information about euphorbia thymifolia plant.
Preparation of palladium nanoparticles using euphorbia. Out of the total number of species acalypha indica l. For more multimedia, look at euphorbia thymifolia on wikimedia commons. Isolation and identification of phytoconstituents from methanolic extract of whole herb of euphorbia thymifolia l. The leaves, seeds and fresh juice of whole plant are used in worm infections, as stimulant, astringent.
A stunning plant for yearround interest, euphorbia characias subsp. Euphorbia hirta attracted the attention of many investigators because of its unique chemical structure, antioxidant contents, potent antiinflammatory as well as. Phytochemical and antioxidant activities of methanolic extract of the plant euphorbia thymifolia linn gurava reddy k 1, anuradha v2 and samba siva rao v3 1department of chemistry, jawaharlal nehru technological university, kakinada, andhra pradesh, india 2department of basic science and humanities, vignan nirulla institute of technology and science for women. Ethnochemistry and ethnomedicine of ancient papua new. Herbal therapy an illustrated compilation of philippine medicinal plants by godofredo stuart, with botanical information, chemical properties, folkloric uses and research studies. Euphorbia species, smoketree spurge, mexican shrubby spurge. Habit prostrate densely branching annual herb, with branches to 25 cm. Species with most nu merous records included euphorbia hirta l. Pdf an in silico study on antidiabetic activity of. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the university of south florida and other herbaria.
Euphorbia heterophylla, also known under the common names of mexican fireplant, painted euphorbia, japanese poinsettia, desert poinsettia, wild poinsettia, fire on the mountain, paintedleaf, painted spurge, milkweed, and kaliko plant, is a plant belonging to the euphorbiaceae or spurge family. Euphorbia thymifolia images useful tropical plants. The atlas of florida plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Two new cinnamic acid derivatives, thymofolinoates a 1 and b 2 have been isolated from the chloroform soluble fraction of euphorbia thymifolia and their structures assigned from 1 h and c nmr spectra, dept and by 2d cosy, hmqc and hmbc experiments. It is also used in bowel complaints and in many more diseases therapeutically. Pdf phytochemical screening and antibacterial activity of ethanolic leaves extract of euphorbia hirta on some. Antioxidant, antihelmintic and antimicrobial activity of. Euphorbia heterophylla, woundhealing activity, phytochemical, bioactivity and rattus novergicus introduction medicinal plants are of great importance to the health of individuals and communities in general. Euphorbia is sometimes used in ordinary english to collectively refer to all members of euphorbiaceae in deference to the type genus, not just to members of the genus. Herbal medicines have become strongly preferred treatment to reduce the negative impacts of diabetes.
General information euphorbia thymifolia is a prostrate annual plant producing stems up to 25cm long. It is a heatclearing remedy in the chinese medicine and commonly used for the treatment of acute. The database and code is licensed under a creative commons attributionnoncommercialsharealike 3. This species is a good example of convergent evolution because it resembles arborescent north american cacti that are adapted to a similar desert environment.
Physicochemical and phytochemical analysis of euphorbia. Euphorbia ingens, a large, treelike euphorbia photographed in its native habitat of south africa. Department of agriculture agricultural research service. In view of above medicinal properties of euphorbia thymifolia, it is of interest to undertake a. Upright, it features erect stems with spirally arranged narrow bluegreen leaves. Search results can be downloaded in pdf or spreadsheet form. Euphorbia thymifolia euphorbia thymifolia euphorbiaceae is a small branched, pubescent, prostate annual herb, commonly known as laghududhika or choti dudhi. Hoang nguyen vo1, ngan tran 1, dat nguyen1 and ly le1,2 abstract. Sandeep r kane, shrinivas k mohite, jaykumar s shete, rajaram antihelmintic activity of aqueous and methanolic extracts of euphorbia thymifolia linn. Most spurges such as euphorbia paralias are herbs, but some, especially in the tropics, are shrubs or trees, such as hevea brasiliensis.
A total of 16 species under 8 genera belonging to the family euphorbiaceae were collected and identified. This medicinal plant has been studied for many bioactivities and therapeutic effects such as antimicrobial effect killedar et al. Euphorbia thymifolia is a prostrate annual plant producing stems up to 25cm long. The leaves, seeds and fresh juice of the whole plant are used in worm infections, as stimulant. The stems usually produce numerous adventitious roots328. Hplc analysis of amino acid and antioxidant composition of. Helminthes are recognized as a major problem to livestock. The latter website lists a number of euphorbiaceae with varying curative features including. Springerplus an in silico study on antidiabetic activity of bioactive compounds in euphorbia thymifolia linn.
In common english, they are sometimes called euphorbias, which is also the name of a genus in the family. The fresh hand sections were stained with safranin and examined under light microscope. Leaves few, fleshy, linearlanceolate, to 15 x 2 mm, present only at the. Accepted name close up of the flowers plantae tracheophyta equisetopsida c. The euphorbiaceae are a large family, the spurge family, of flowering plants. Euphorbia thymifolia is a small prostrate herbaceous annual weed which is abundant in waste places and open grasslands and distributes in most asian countries. The largest genus of euphorbiaceae is euphorbia, which is represented in pakistan by 90 species. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page.
The calcinated product of euphorbia species like euphorbia herta and euphorbia thymifolia are used in the asthmatic condition savithramma et al. Mohite diuretic and laxative activity of ethanolic extract and its fractions of euphorbia thymifolia linn. Extracts of euphorbia thymifolia linn familyeuphorbiaceae were investigated for antibacterial activity against staphylococcus aureus, streptococcus pyogenes, enterococcus faecalis, propionibacterium acnes, klebsiella pneumoniae and pseudomonas. The ones discussed here are the hardy perennial types, but the genus also includes succulents like pencil cactus, tropicals like poinsettia and shrubs with wickedsharp spines.
Euphorbia thymifolia et belong to family euphorbiaceae, known as nanidudheli, is traditionally used as a blood purifier, sedative haemostatic, bronchial asthma, and inflammation lee, et al. Manikandan3 1department of biochemistry, kanchi shri krishna college of arts and science, kilambi, kancheepuram 631 551, tamil nadu, india. Pharmacology and therapeutic potential of euphorbia hirta syn. Antiinflammatory activity of euphorbia aegyptiaca extract in rats. Phenols are present in large amount in this plant which has played a major role in households.
Aqueous root extract in female rats sivaprasad gudipudi 1, dayanand subrao puranik, ramoji alla2, upendranadh ajjarapu3, thirupathi reddy kistammagari3 1 nargund college of pharmacy, bangalore, karnataka560085. The present study was investigated to evaluate antianaphylactic, mast cell stabilizing and antiasthmatic activity of methanol and aqueous extract of e. Pdf the oldest remedies known to mankind are herbal medicines. Acalyphaindica l, euphorbia hirta l, euphorbia thymifolia l, croton bonplandianumbaill, jatropha gossypifolia l, ricinus communis l are important plants of this family because these plants have different compounds like alkaloids, flavinoids, steroids, saponin, phenolic compounds, fatty acid, esters, minerals etc that have showed different.517 847 314 1494 1250 17 445 314 216 124 277 1357 1314 220 71 981 699 1526 1307 60 334 1179 266 953 1071 256 321 1624 514 298 878 927 292 806 1639 627 646 743 851 176 664 715 729 1236 389 1226 586